Aquila and Priscilla (18:l-3)
"Jews to depart from Rome" means:
Claudius banished the Jews from Rome in an Imperial edict that was issued in A.D. 49 or 50. Seutonius, a Roman biographer for the Caesars says: Claudius drove the Jews out of Rome cause they were "incessantly raising tumults at the instigation of a certain Chrestus. (Christ)"
Prior to this the Jews had a history of causing problems for Rome therefore, they were "violently persecuted" by 3 successive emperors, e.g.: 4,000 Jews were sent as convicts by Tiberius to the island of Sardinia. Caligula also took his toll.
"Aquila and his wife Priscilla" -- loyal friends of Paul.
Shows Paul as a tentmaker by trade. Jewish fathers were urged to teach their sons a trade -- tent making was an important trade in Tarsus.
Go To Gentiles (18:4-6)
Preached only on Sabbath -- probably because he worked during the rest of the week.
Silas and Timothy join Paul after staying in Berea.
Paul is fed up with the Jews -- henceforth to Gentiles.
Protection Promised (18:7-11)
The house sharred a common wall with the synagogue.
"I have much people in this city,” means that God was going to call a number of individuals in that city.
Paul resided in Corinth for l- l/2 years and wrote I and II Thessalonians.
Church Called Jews (18:12-17)
Possible that Sostenes (I Cor. l:l) was same as one here.
"Having shorn his head" means Paul shaved his head as part of the vow he had made to God. A usual procedure for one who had "either been afflicted with a distemper, or with any other distresses." (Josephus).
Barclay explains the vow on page 138
of his commentary on Acts:
"When a Jew specially wished to thank God for some blessing he took the Nazirite vow (Numbers 6:1-21). If that vow was carried out in full it meant that for thirty days he neither ate meat nor drank wine; and he allowed his hair to grow. At the end of the thirty days he made certain offerings in the Temple; his head was shorn and the hair was burned on the altar as an offering to God. No doubt Paul was thinking of all God's goodness to him in Corinth and took this vow to show his gratitude"
Aquila may have taken this vow vs. Paul. Because he was expelled from his homeland.
Point: Be careful about making vows. It is safer not to (Ecc. 5:5) except in marriage and baptism.
"This feast that cometh in Jerusalem" means the Feast of Tabernacles, 52 A.D. This is the only logical reason why he emphatically refused to spend even a few days at Ephesus after long sojourns at lesser places -- 18:20." (L. 38 Correspondence Course.)
Some modern translations of the Bible omit Acts 18:21, as does the Catholic Version. But 95% of all Greek manuscripts include it. The only ones that leave it out are those 5% copied in Egypt and in Italy under the influence of Simon Magus' followers.
The Apostle Paul Kept the Feasts.
In 50 A.D. Paul crossed over from Asia into Europe and began to preach to gospel at Philippi "on the day of weeks" -- Pentecost 50 A.D. -- according to the inspired original Greek (Acts 16:13). Pentecost is also called the "feast of weeks" in the Old Testament (Deut. 16:10). After a few weeks at Philippi, Thessalonica (verse 6).
Paul came to Corinth in the late
summer of A.D. 50. After
spending several Sabbaths teaching in the synagogue (Acts 18:4), he
continued to hold meetings in the house of Justus (verse 7) for "a year and six months"
(verse 11). This brings us to
the spring of 52 A.D. After a riot stirred up against
the apostle was quelled, Paul yet "tarried there a good while, and then
took his leave of the brethren and sailed thence into Syria" (vs.
18). It was now well into the
summer of A.D. 52 -- the Days of Unleavened Bread and Pentecost were
past. Obviously it was nearly
time for the Feast of Tabernacles.
Here then was a major way to the headquarters Feast at
Down to Antioch.
47-48 A.D. began to preach the Gospel.
52-53 A.D. - wrote book of Galatians.
Apollos: Learned, cultured, well grounded in the scriptures. Powerful orator.
“The way" = common title. (Also 9:2, 19:9).
"only the baptism of John" means as in 19:3.
Index | Chapter 17 | Chapter 19